Establish Trust (in the Internet of Water)
The Internet of Water (IoW) is a project started at Duke University, designed to enable open water data to help guide sustainable water management. One example goal depicted the ability to look up local water quality on Google. According to IoW’s co-founder and panelist Martin Doyle, most of the breakthrough water technology already exists in AMI and improved water sensors. However, the issue remains in spreading these technologies as the industry standard. Many organizations still maintain legacy infrastructure and data.
On the same IoW panel and from a different perspective, Deven Upadhyay represented the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California. He discussed his vision of publicly accessible and trusted water data for every locale. However, he cited trust and cyber security as the most important challenges for an open data platform. Cyber security, as another main summit topic, is covered in more detail in the section below.
No Utility Left Behind
One recurring issue of the conference addressed small water utilities that would not be able to comply with proposed open water data policies, much less be well-equipped to protect their data against cyber attacks. Hoping to address such issues, the Aspen Institute Dialogue Series convened in 2017, acting as a neutral space. The Dialogue gathered a diverse group including public and private sectors, water experts, and academics to discuss national policy, water data, and sustainable water management. Accordingly, IoW aims only for voluntary participants in producing open data, instead of focusing on influencing public policy on open data.
Water Data Needs Work
“Water and data have not been married for long,'' stated one presenter. It is a fledgling field that necessitates adopting present and newly available technology to be robust, secure, and useful. Surprisingly, 2019 is the first year that all California water utilities were able to provide aggregate monthly water usage, and only as a direct result of an emergency measure due California’s 2011-2017 drought.
Joaquin Esquivel, Chair of the California State Water Board, presented similar findings on the state-level. Citing both his current position and his previous position as Director of Information and Technology under California Senator Barbara Boxer, he acknowledged that while California is progressive, its data infrastructure still needs much work.
Open Data Works
As open data helped empower everyday people to innovate, open source tools and software aim to do similar good. The California Data Collaborative hosts a plethora of open source tools and software on their GitHub, such as an evapotranspiration estimator, real-time snow water estimator, and real-time reservoir visualization.
Similarly, many other organizations presented open source projects or research on open data:
Sacramento State’s open source tool for mapping groundwater quality, designed to help water managers identify disadvantaged communities with contaminated groundwater
One Stanford University PhD candidate’s research on Google search trends appears to show a correlation between media coverage of the 2011-2017 California drought and state-wide voluntary water usage reduction. Mandatory water restrictions seemed to correlate less with water conservation.
University of California, Irvine presented a disturbing recent trend of increasingly unsafe water in rural and low-income areas, especially in Oklahoma and Texas. In 2015, 9% of water systems in 2015 violating the Safe Water Act and affecting 21 million people.
FlowWest showcased their open source software such as a salmon life cycle model, supporting the efforts of the Central Valley Project Improvement Act to protect fish and wildlife.
Online privacy and security have become increasingly important topics in more recent years, and for good reason. Data breaches and ransomware seem to occur far too often. However, the rising public awareness should hold agencies more accountable for our private and sensitive data. Indeed, cyber security cemented itself as a keystone topic at the 4th Annual Water Data Summit as well. This year, speakers at the summit helped us better understand the full stack of data security.
Your data is in good hands…
Despite, or perhaps because of, the recent prevalence and awareness of data breaches, many organizations have been actively preparing for and defending against the worst. Listed here are a few cyber security best-practices brought up during the summit.